Strong earthquakes that hit Mindanao in 2019 would not trigger Mount Apo’s eruption
There are no imminent signs of unrest that might lead to the eruption of Mount Apo, the head of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) said on Saturday.
“Right now, as we speak, no abnormal activity has been observed. We didn’t see any different volcanic activity,” Phivolcs director Renato Solidum Jr. said in a text message to the Philippine News Agency.
Mount Apo, an active stratovolcano in Mindanao, has no recorded eruption yet.
“(The) eruption of Mount Apo will be all dependent on whether there are eruptible magma detected,” he said.
An eruptible magma, he said, can be detected on Mount Apo’s subsurface but Phivolcs has yet to detect any.
Solidum, however, said they have yet to determine whether there is magma inside the volcano as no further studies were conducted on it.
As an analogy, he said triggering a volcanic eruption is similar to shaking a bottle of soda.
“Just like a bottle of soft drinks — if you shake it and there’s (soda) inside, bubbles will come out. If there’s no liquid inside, then no bubbles would come out no matter how many times you shake it,” he said, noting that a volcano would not erupt without magma.
A lot of magma and gases have to be present to make a volcano erupt, he added.
Meanwhile, Solidum also clarified that the strong earthquakes that hit Mindanao in 2019 would not trigger Mount Apo’s eruption.
The Phivolcs chief noted that these strong earthquakes from October to December are tectonic quakes generated by active faults in the area, and these are not volcanic earthquakes brought by Mount Apo.
Tectonic quakes are caused by fault movements, while volcanic earthquakes are caused by movements or eruption of magma from the volcano, Solidum said.
“Tectonic quakes are usually higher in magnitude, like the magnitude 6.9, and these are typically from faults (movement),” he added. (PNA)
A project to explore geothermal resources around Mt. Apo has been strongly supported by the Davao City Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DCCCII).
The chamber believes that Davao City in particular and Mindanao “badly needs additional electric power supply to support the requirements not only of the business sector but also of the community as a whole, said the business chamber in a statement.
In particular, DCCCII said it is supporting the proposal of Aboitiz Power Renewables Inc. to conduct an exploration of geothermal resources in the Davao region.
Last week, Manuel Orig, Aboitiz vice president for Mindanao, presented to the Davao City Council the Mt. Apo exploration project of the company in a bid to get the endorsement of the local government.
The Aboitiz exploration project includes parts of Davao City.
DCCCII said it is supporting the Aboitiz project because it is “self-sustaining, renewable, and less pollutive, and therefore poses less threat to the environment than other conventional power generating plants.”
Even as it builds hydropower plants and coal-fired power plants, Aboitiz Power is exploring two areas of Mt. Apo, the country’s tallest mountain, for geothermal power.
Aboitiz Power subsidiary Hedcor runs four hydropower plants in Davao del Sur; while its 300MW coal-fired power plant in Davao city is ongoing construction.
The Mt. Apo exploration work by the power generation and distribution arm of the Aboitiz Equity Ventures Inc. (AEV), is the initial component of work program in the Geothermal Renewable Energy Service Contracts (GRESC) awarded to the company by the Department of Energy.
The GRESC has identified for exploration two areas around Mt. Apo straddling the provinces of North Cotabato and Davao del Sur, and Davao City.
“We are now implementing Work Program approved by the Department of Energy. This phase includes project introduction to relevant local government units and stakeholders,” said Artemio Magnayon, Vice President for Business Development of Aboitiz Power, in a statement reported by Davao City-based local daily Sunstar Davao.
Magnayon said the Mt. Apo geothermal project is in line with AboitizPower’s ‘right-mix strategy in its power generation business which pushes for maximization of renewable energy.”
STA. CRUZ, Davao del Sur (MindaNews/29 April) — Brothers Cresenciano and Gerald Sabal of Team Bebang from Manila outpaced defending champion Jonathan Pido of Team Carmen (Davao del Norte) and his partner in the 2nd International Boulder Face Challenge, a 24-hour endurance race from the town proper to the peak of Mt. Apo and back.
The brothers finished the race in 15 hours, 38 minutes and 33 seconds, ahead by at least 21 minutes from the second-placer.
Of 44 teams when the event kicked off on Saturday morning, 19 teams had finished the race as of 2:30 pm Sunday while 10 other teams quit the race, said Tourism Officer Camilia Infiesto.
Thirty-year old Cresenciano told Mindanews it was their first time to reach the summit of Mt. Apo. He described the trek as grueling since it was raining when they reached the peak.
Team Carmen racers Ronald Dagaang and Jonathan Pido celebrate as they are about to cross the finish line in front of the Sta. Cruz town hall in Davao del Sur. Team Carmen won second place in the 2nd International Boulder Face challenge on April 28-29, 2012. Mindanews Photo by Ruby Thursday More
The brothers, both enlisted personnel at the Philippine Army, prepared for only 15 days and it was even more on running because they had no mountains to climb in Metro Manila.
“Actually it was also our first time to race using bikes. We were the 18th team to reach Barangay Sibulan,” said Cresenciano, dubbed as the “National Milo Marathon King.”
The Sabal brothers, who hail from Bagumbayan, Sultan Kudarat. The 30-year old Cresenciano is a corporal while 28-year old Gerald is a Private First Class.
The brothers were backed by Jhanalodin Lucman, a logistics crew. Each team has two racers and a logistics crew.
The Sabals represented their province in the Palarong Pambansa several times.
Team Bebang finished the race with a total clock time of 15:38:33 followed by Team Carmen composed of racers Jonathan Pido, Ronald Dagaang and logistics crew Edwin Bueno with a total time of 15:59:18.
Team Apo Ville racers Marcial Catanggui and Romeo Mascardo Jr. celebrate as they are about to cross the finish line in front of the Sta. Cruz town hall in Davao del Sur. Team Carmen won third place in the International Boulder Face challenge on April 28-29, 2012. Mindanews Photo by Keith Bacongco
The third placer is Team Apo Ville from Digos, Davao del Sur composed of racers Marcial Catanggui, Romeo Mascardo Jr., and logistics crew Hilario Ladra.
On Saturday, Pido and Dagaang were the first to reach the boulders area with the Sabal brothers tailing them by 10 minutes.
Pido is a policeman while Dagaang works as a bank security guard.
Cresenciano recalled they were able to overtake Team Carmen on their way down at Checkpoint 14 in Sitio Tumpis in Barangay Kapatagan, already part of Digos City.
He said they arrived at the Ayala Staff house around 8 p.m.or 15 hours after the race started.
Since it was already two hours after the cut-off time, racers were no longer allowed to proceed to the water tubing event. Instead, the race resumed 5a.m. the following day.
The 27-year old Dagaang, also a triathlete, told MindaNews that pebbles and sand got into his shoes. “Amo pa man gitanggal ang balas sa sulod kay sakit man sa akong tiil kung di tanggalon. Didto mi nila na-abtan” (we removed the pebbles and sand in my shoes because it was painful), he said.
Dagaang said they made a dry run of the trail a month before the race.
He said he also trained with Pido for a week, particularly on biking.
The race started at 6 a.m. on Saturday with a biking challenge from the town hall to Barangay Sibulan proper, some 18 kilometers away.
From the barangay hall, the racers started the grueling trek to the peak of Mt. Apo navigating through the rugged terrain, rivers, forest and the boulders.
Upon reaching the summit, racers headed back to Sibulan. Water tubing started from Ayala Staff house to the Sibulan bridge along the national highway, and from there run for 12 kilometers to the finish line in front of the town hall.
The race had 20 checkpoints.
Foreign athletes were tough competitors, too, said Cresnciano.
He said their opponents were strong athletes, particularly members of the Champion System Adventure from Hong Kong.
“Some foreigners are really strong but some of them may have been attracted to the scenic view of the mountain. Some were busy taking pictures,” he said.
Hong Kong-based Champion System Adventure racers Piers Touzel and Ryan Blair finished fifth place in the International Boulder Face challenge on April 28-29, 2012. They were among the 11 foreign teams who raced with Filipino athletes in the 24-hour endurance race. Mindanews Photo by Ruby Thursday More.
Champion System Adventure racers Ryan Blair and Piers Touzel finished fifth place.
Touzel, an Australian national based in China, described the race as one of the toughest he has ever joined.
“The jungle trail was the toughest but coming down was the hardest. And we also lost our way but the locals helped us,” said the Australian who is known to be one of the top mountain bikers in Asia.
But he also admitted that he also enjoyed the view while being on top of the Mt. Apo.
The event’s website, http://www.boulderface.com,says the 24-hour endurance race covers around 70 to 80 kilometers. The event was organized by the Department of Tourism Xl and local government of Sta.Cruz.
The champion team gets P150,000 while the second and third placers get P100,000 and P75,000, respectively.
The top five finishers will also receive consolation prizes of P10,000 each.
The elder Sabal said they might use the prize to buy their own mountain bike. “We may also use it to fund our trainings and other needs like our vitamins.” (Keith Bacongco/MindaNews)
Participants in the 2nd International Mount Apo Boulder Face Challenge take off from Sta. Cruz, Davao del Sur at sunrise as they race to the peak of the highest mountain in the country in a 24-hour extreme challenge. Each team is composed of two racers and one handling logistics, and will cover 90.3 km and Mount Apo’s height of 10,000 feet. The race also covers trekking, water tubing, and road running – and said to be tougher than the Iron Man Triathlon. Photo by Brian Ong/Department of Tourism/
A police officer has been leading the 2nd International Mount Apo Boulder Face Challenge which began with a mountain bike race at 6 a.m., Saturday, from the municipal plaza of Sta. Cruz in Davao del Sur.
According to Arturo Boncato Jr., regional director of the Department of Tourism for Davao, and co-organizer of the event, PO1 Jonathan Pido of Team Carmen, Davao del Norte, and his team mate, Ronald Dagaang, were the first to reach the peak of Mount Apo at 3 p.m.
They were closely followed by Team Bebang from the Philippine Army in Manila.
Pido appears to be beating his own record in last year’s challenge when his team reached the freezing peak of Mount Apo only at 10 pm. Rising at 10,000 feet, Mount Apo is considered the Philippines’ highest mountain.
Pido – a member of the Regional Public Safety Battalion, 2nd Maneuvering Company of the Philippine National Police Region 11 Command — won last year’s first international challenge along with his teammate Angelito Sibayan. They split up this year, said Boncato, and have formed separate teams.
As of 7 pm, the DOT official said most of the teams were already on their way down to Sibulan River. After resting, the teams take off at 5 a.m., water tubing down the river. After, they make their way back to the municipal plaza of Sta. Cruz, racing on foot.
The Mount Apo Boulder Face Challenge is one of the toughest adventure races in the Philippines. It is a 24-hour extreme challenge using various disciplines such as mountain biking, trekking, water tubing, and road running.
Boncato said the race started at 6 a.m. today from the Sta. Cruz beach lines of Davao del Sur “with rainshowers, then the fiery sun came out. It’s been very hot the whole day.”
Participants in the race “will navigate through the town’s tough trails and raging rivers, scale the boulder face of Mt. Apo, and culminate in the skyline of the country’s highest mountain,” he added.
This year’s race has attracted 13 foreign and 35 local teams, Boncato added. Among the foreign teams are those from Australia, Hong Kong, Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. They are racing for the grand prize of P150,000.
Participants in this year’s challenge will have to beat Team Carmen’s record of 22 hours, 51 minutes, and 42 seconds in 2011.
Each team is composed of two racers and one handling logistics, and will cover 90.3 km, “which is longer than the Iron Man,” an international triathlon event, according to the DOT official. The Mount Apo Boulder Face challenge may be considered “tougher”, because the racers has a mountain to climb, and will have to battle freezing temperatures at the peak.
The event is one of the highlights of the annual Pista sa Kinaiyahan (Feast of the Environment) of the municipality of Sta. Cruz. The Boulder Face Challenge was first held in 2008, but last year, DOT-Davao region and the Sta. Cruz municipality decided to encourage international teams to participate as well.
Boncato said the annual competition has made Davao region a leading destination for eco-adventure tourism. It has also helped increase awareness about the importance of protecting the environment.
Declared a national park in 1936 and a protected area in 2004, Mount Apo is home to the Philippine Eagle, and hundreds of other critically threatened bird and plant species. The national park is on the tentative list of the United Nations Educational, Scientifc and Cultural Organization (Unesco) as a Heritage Site.
Mount Apo is an active volcano, and at 10,000 feet, is the highest point in the Philippines.
Data from the Sta. Cruz municipality showed 923 climbed Mount Apo using the Sta. Cruz trail in 2011, up 19 percent from 2010. There are two other major trails going up the mountain’s summit from the North Cotobato side.
The 2nd International Mount Apo Boulder Face Challenge is also supported by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Region 11, Department of Trade and Industry-Davao del Sur, San Miguel Corp., Aboitiz Power Corp.-Hedcor Sibulan Inc.; Columbia Sportswear Co., Primer Group of Companies. Recreational Outdoor Exchange, and Zest Air.
The Municipality of Sta. Cruz, Davao del Sur will once again celebrate the “Pista sa Kinaiyahan” (Festival of Nature) on April 26-29, 2012, in response to the call to save, protect and rehabilitate Mt. Apo, the country’s highest peak.
Celebrated since 2001, the “Pista sa Kinaiyahan” is instrumental in advocating environmental protection awareness through series of activities such as coastal and mountain clean-up drives, tree planting and growing, fora and exhibit on the environment, among many others, which has attracted tourists and volunteers nationwide.
This year, the celebration will be highlighted by the 2nd International Mount Apo Boulder Face Challenge on April 28-29, which will be participated by around 50 local and foreign adventure teams.
The planting of more than 500 trees and mangroves on April 26-28, “Duaw kay Apo Clean Up and Climb” on April 26-29, Basura Art Exhibit and Fashion Show on April 27 comprise the main events for this year’s celebration.
On April 28-29, the Mountaineering Federation of Southern Mindanap/Mountaineering Federation of the Philippines, Inc. will also be conducting special events at the Municipal Plaza, such as a Climate Change Forum, Mini Adventure Race, Inter-Club Photo Exhibit and Body Painting Contest.
“Pista sa Kinaiyahan” aims to advocate and develop responsible mountaineering and outdoor ethics, and promote Davao Region as a major eco-tourism destination in the Philippines.
The annual environmental event is spearheaded by the Municipal Government of Sta. Cruz, Municipal Council for Tourism, Culture and the Arts, Provincial Government of Davao del Sur, Department of Tourism XI, Mountaineering Federation of Southern Mindanao, Department of Trade and Industry and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Event cooperators include HEDCOR Sibulan, Inc., San Miguel Brewery, Inc., National Commission for Indigenous Peoples, Kapiid Ka Banua, Municipal Tribal Council, Barangay Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 2, Zone 1, Coronon, Astorga, Darong, Sibulan, and Tibolo, Philippine National Police, Bureau of Fire Protection, 39th IB, Philippine Army, and the Philippine National Red Cross. (DOT Xl)
Davao City Water District and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources XI sealed a renewal of partnership for the protection and rehabilitation of Talomo-Lipadas watershed last March 7, 2011 through a memorandum of agreement signed by DCWD General Manager Rodora N. Gamboa and DENR regional executive director Jim O. Sampulna.
The DENR and the DCWD pledged to support each other in terms of technical expertise, manpower, and the sourcing of funds for the sustainability of the watershed project. Among the terms agreed upon by the parties are the deputization of DCWD qualified personnel as forest officers in the area covered by the Mt. Talomo-Lipadas watershed rehabilitation project; provision of technical assistance, staff and field personnel in jointly carrying out various activities related to the said watershed project.
“This undertaking is pursuant to the literal call of nature which we heed to sustain a balanced ecology in order to address two vital issues of today, the climate change and the looming water shortage” said Director Sampulna.
Sampulna said that the DENR is encouraging different sectors in helping the government to revive the status of the forests and in bringing back the status of watersheds in their prime condition by taking charge a definite portion of our forests like what the DCWD is doing.
Gamboa, on the otherhand, said that the DCWD does not want to become complacent despite the success of its rehabilitation efforts located in the three watersheds in the city that are all vital to water sustainability, namely, Mt. Talomo-Lipadas; Mt. Tipolog-Tamugan and Malagos.
The DCWD’s watershed initiative in those areas was awarded this year as the Best Integrated Watershed Management by the Philippine Association of Water Districts (PAWD) during the 32nd PAWD convention held here in the city last month.
The watershed rehabilitation activities of DCWD started in the early 1980’s in Malagos through tree planting in partnership with various sectors. In 1993, DCWD began implementing a more comprehensive, sustainable, and community–based watershed rehabilitation program in the Mt. Talomo-Lipadas watershed area, particularly in the barangays of New Daliaon and Tungkalan in Toril District and Manuel Guianga in Tugbok district.
Two years later in 1995, after organizing people’s organizations in the host barangays, DCWD began planting indigenous trees. Since then, it continues to plant new trees and utilizes these strategies to ensure the project’s success: community organizing; reforestation, rehabilitation, protection; and maintenance; monitoring and evaluation; information, education, communication (IEC) and advocacy; linkaging and coordination; and adopt-a-site project.