Category Archives: NEWS AROUND MINDANAO

Moros submit to Duterte copy of own proposed Bangsamoro State Constitution

Rodrigo-Duterte-12-June-2018President Rodrigo Duterte on Saturday, June 16, received a copy of the draft Bangsamoro State Constitution, an alternative solution within the framework of federalism drafted by a 19-member All Moro Convention.

Lawyer Michael Mastura, president of the All Moro Convention and head of the drafting team, handed over to the President a copy of the Bangsamoro State Constitution during the 2018 Eid’l Fitr celebration held at the SMX Convention Center on Saturday night in Davao City.

All Moro Convention.

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte greets National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) Commissioner Abdulhadi Daguit during the celebration of Eid’l Fitr at the SMX Convention Center in Davao City on June 16, 2018. Also in the photo are Mindanao Development Authority Chair Datu Abul Khayr Alonto, Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana, NCMF Officer-in-Charge Tahir Lidasan Jr. and Sec. Bong Go of the Office of the Special Assistant to the President. KARL NORMAN ALONZO/PRESIDENTIAL PHOTO

 

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Duterte on federalism: We’re just trying to perfect everything

Another copy will be given to the Constitutional Committee (ConCom) tasked to review the 1987 Constitution, the body which is currently working on a federal Constitution.

The draft Bangsamoro State Constitution was prepared since December 2017 and signed by the members of the All-Moro Convention and the technical working group on June 2 at the Mindanao Development Authority (MinDA) office.

mastura michaelMastura said the 19 members of the All Moro Convention met in December 2017 and agreed that they must write a state constitution for the Bangsamoro that would jive with the proposal of the President to shift to federalism.

Speaking before Moro leaders including the members of the Bangsamoro Transition Commission, members of the Cabinet, House of Representatives and the Senate, Duterte reiterated that the time for federalism has come to the country.

“We have to move away from the style of a unitary form of government, which has been in existence or set up originally by the Spaniards. It has always been a strong central government,” he said.

The unitary government, Duterte said, was good that time because the Philippines was developing as a nation amid the struggles of both Christians and Muslims in Mindanao.

“I am for federalism. I am for peace,” Duterte stressed.

He said, however, that he does not have the draft of the federal Constitution. If it will be submitted to him that would be the time he could tell what Federal model would be adopted.

He also assured the public to try to pass the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) with the hope that MNLF Chairman Nur Misuari could be convinced to join the talks so that corrections or additions that would sit well with the Tausug and the southern part of Mindanao could be corrected.

He also encouraged the MILF, led by its chairman, Al Haj-Murad Ebrahim, to join and observe how the government is crafting federalism.

Presently, the Congress is eyeing the ratification of a bicameral conference committee report on the BBL in July when Duterte delivers his state of the nation address.

A bicameral conference will need to reconcile the versions of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

“If nothing really works out of BBL, then give us time because I do not want to fight. I do not wage a war against my own countrymen,” he stressed.

Duterte urged Murad to wait for the passage of the final version of the BBL, assuring him that what is not included in the BBL can be added in the federal scheme of things.

“Ilagay na natin (Let’s include it there). But it must be something like alongside the Philippine Constitution,” Duterte said. (PNA)

Aquino wants Mindanaoans to manage Agus-Polangui hydro-power plant

DAVAO CITY — Local government officials welcomed the statement of President Benigno Aquino III to give a chance for the Mindanaoans to manage its power.

This, as President Aquino stated that privatization of the Agus-Polangui hydro-power plant will be given to the people of Mindanao.

Davao Governor Rodolfo del Rosario, in a chance interview Monday after the People’s Organizations Forum hosted by the Mindanao Rural Development Program (MRDP) held at the Grand Regal Hotel here, said the President’s pronouncement was exactly what the Mindanao Development Authority (MinDA) has proposed for the creation of a Mindanao Power Corporation, which shall serve as a power generation company that would be owned by the Mindanaoans.

“We can form our own power corporation that would properly manage the Agus-Polangui hydro-power plant,” he said.

The said hydro-power plant is the main source of cheap electricity in Mindanao. It supplies 52 percent of the region’s electricity.

During the 1st Mindanao Power Summit last month here, which was attended by the President, local governments and stakeholders unanimously rejected the planned privatization of the Agus-Pulangui hydro-power plant.

They claimed that “privatization would only be giving market power to a private entity. If left with the government without the profit motive, hydro power can blend power rates and mitigate spikes in power prices.”

Instead of privatization, they proposed for the creation of Mindanao Power Corporation that would formulate a viable way to operate and maintain not only the Agus-Pulangui hydro complexes, but the power system of the region “without sacrificing the interest of the people of Mindanao.”

Del Rosario said the idea of creating a power corporation is “to have Mindanaoans be responsible for powering Mindanao.”

The proposed Mindanao Power Corporation will also be tasked in putting up a one-stop shop for power investments and projects in the region.

President Aquino earlier said having a more consistent energy source will give Mindanao a more convincing business proposition to potential investors -not just in the energy sector.

“This isn’t just about energy, this is about attracting investments and creating jobs, and this is about securing the future of this region,” he said. (PNA)

GPH-MILF PEACE TALKS RESUME – Stalemate seen ahead

PEACE TALKS. Government peace panel chair Marvic Leonen (L) and MILF peace panel chair Mohagher Iqbal sign Joint Statement to resume talks in the presence of Malaysian facilitator Dato’ Ab Ghafar Tengku Mohamed in Kuala Lumpur last year . Photo courtesy of OPAPP

The Philippine government (GPH) and Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) resumed peace negotiations in Kuala Lumpur Monday morning, Marc 19, 2012, 12 days before the end of the first quarter but instead of  forging an agreement by March 31, the two panels appear headed for a stalemate, government maintaining as it did in its “3 for 1” formula in August last year,  that the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)  under a Malacanang-appointed caretaker administration would transition into the ideal form of governance for the Bangsamoro.

“We are approaching what would seem to be a stalemate in our ideas for transition as well as in our ideas of how to make permanent the solutions that work for our peoples. I invite our counterparts to take a step back with us.  Perhaps, by examining the reasons why we insist on our various positions we can see ways forward,” government peace panel Marvic Leonen admitted in  the prepared statement read at the start of the talks.

Apparently anticipating what Leonen would say, MILF peace panel chair Mohagher Iqbal’s prepared statement, read after Leonen, said he hopes the Aquino administration is still pursuing the “first best option, which is to sign an agreement with the MILF, and the second best option, which is merely to reform the ARMM is not being pursued by the government in replacement of the negotiated political settlement of the Moro Question and the armed conflict in Mindanao.”

“Clearly if the first is the option of the government, then we can expect seriousness in the current peace talks. But if the second is now the option, then it is very easy to see. Expect commitment made to be changed randomly,” Iqbal added.

“Surely and without doubt, the comprehensive compact will not be signed now or perhaps even in April,” he said, adding the  “greater fear is that we might not even sign it at all if we are not firm on our resolve to push hard in our negotiation.”

The MILF, which had proposed a sub-state, had expected that both parties would craft a new autonomous government in lieu of the ARMM.

But Leonen, whose opening statement was titled “The welfare of our People is at the core of these negotiations,”  said autonomy should “never be a reason to entrench any form of authoritarianism” and “neither should it be used to justify lack of good and effective governance.”

He spoke of effective and transparent governance to address issues plaguing the region: poverty, education and abuse of office and said “all these are now being addressed by government…. with some leaders within the current ARMM.  To a certain extent, we need to acknowledge the progresses (sic) that have already been made,” he said,  noting that in time, “given the sincerity, capability and resources and the support of many peoples for these reform agenda, communities will be able to feel that their lives have changed and that they have more control of what happens to them.”

Value added

He said the “value added” of the ongoing peace negotiations is “to bring on board more of your aspirations and solutions that you brought with you as a movement. We daresay, that these negotiations should not be for the purpose of supplanting the good that has already been achieved. Again, at the core of these discussions we should only have our various peoples in mind.”

Lawyer Mary Ann Arnado, secretary-general of the Mindanao Peoples Caucus asked, “what good has been achieved? I thought the objective is to resolve the root causes of the armed conflict?”

Guiamel Alim, executive director of Kadtuntaya Foundation, Inc. and Council of Elder member of the Consortium of Bangsamoro Civil Society told MindaNews the ARMM “is a given. Reformed or unreformed, allow the new political set up to imbed a reform agenda. The best practices in the transition government can be carried over. What it needs is a strong political authority and the will to make it happen. Let the talks go further and discuss territories and constitutional guarantee and the transition. Resource sharing is very important.”

Soliman Santos, a regional trial court judge who has written several books and essays on the GPH-MILF peace process said, “basically for me, okay if, big important if, the GPH can eventually accommodate key substantive features in the MILF-envisioned sub-state which would need  a constitutional amendment, as the strategic direction of any short-term MILF engagement in the ARMM Reform, for a just, lasting comprehensive solution of the Bangsamoro  problem. This has to be clear and mutually agreed.”

Historian Rudy Rodil, former member of the government peace panel that negotiated with the Moro National Liberation Front and later the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, said, “nagkakatalo sila sa daan. Maraming daan. Gusto ni PNoy yung kanya.  Iba naman sa MILF. Tila kailangan nilang magkasundo muna kung ano ang problema na gusto nilang ayusin (they don’t agree on what road to take. There are many roads. Pnoy wants his. The MILF’s is different. They need to agree first on what in the problem they are trying to solve).

“3 for 1” formula

The MILF peace panel handed  its draft peace settlement proposing a sub-state at the first  formal exploratory talks under the Aquino administration in February last year,  the 20th since peace talks resumed after the 2003 Buliok war.

The GPH handed its proposed “3 for 1” formula on August 22, 18 days after President Aquino and MILF chair Al Haj Murad Ebrahim met in Tokyo, Japan to fast-track the peace process and ensure an agreement is reached within the first half of the Aquino administration. .

The MILF peace panel rejected the GPH proposal, prompting Leonen to quickly reply, “We reject your rejection.”

“Heaven and earth,” Iqbal said of  the two proposals. Leonen said the gap was “not too far apart.”

Government’s “3 for 1” formula which involves massive economic development;  political settlement with the MILF; and cultural-historical acknowledgment was described by Leonen as “pragmatic, workable, viable.”

He said the ARMM., which was to play a crucial role in the undertaking, would be strengthened.

At that time,  Malacanang, which had earlier described the ARMM as a “failed experiment,” had successfully pushed for a law resetting the August 8, 2011 ARMM elections to May 30, 2013 and allowing the President to appoint officers in charge (OICs) to  govern the ARMM until the new set of ARRM officials shall have been elected on May 13, 2013 and shall have assumed post on June 30, 2013.

The President’s appointed OIC, Mujiv Hataman, assumed post on December 22, 2011.

The MILF’s framework was to start with the political settlement first and the rest – economic, etc.. would follow. The proposed sub-state, however, requires amending the Constitution, a move that is not a priority of the Aquino administration, Leonen said.

“The proposal of the government to the MILF does not contain a proposal for constitutional amendment,” he told a press conference in Cotabato City on August 30 last year.

“Autonomy as practiced by the ARMM in the past is a failed experiment. However it does not necessarily mean we do not learn from that experience,” he said, adding the autonomy they are proposing “comes close to the idea of self governance also of the MILF.”

He also noted that many of the fundamental aspirations of the MILF “can be fitted into the provisions of the current Constitution.” (Carolyn O. Arguillas/MindaNews)

President Benigno Aquino and his ‘all-out injustice’

    Under Erap, it was “all out war.” Under GMA, it became “all out peace.” Now, under PNoy, it has become “all out justice.” The word replacement may make it sound like three different things, but these three “all-outs” reflect the consistent militarist policy the government has used towards resolving conflict in Mindanao, whatever the context.     Erap’s “all out war” in 2000 caused the displacement of 200,000 people, the illegal arrests and torture of hundreds, and the deaths of not less than 100 civilians.
GMA’s “all out peace” meant waging two major wars against the MILF, in 2003 and again in 2008, which produced 750,000 internally displaced people, making the Philippines No. 1 in the world in terms of number of displaced persons.
As of April 2011, morethan 125,000 long-term internally displaced persons are still languishing in various government camps all around Mindanao.
Entire communities are being bombed and tens of thousands of villagers are fleeing their homes as the AFP pursues these so-called “lawless elements” in Basilan and Zamboanga.
You can brand a war any manner you like but its consequences remains the same. Another all-out war can only breed further injustice, human rights violations, loss of lives, destruction of livelihood, and will push any prospect for peace in Mindanao further back.
If the President is genuinely against all-out war, he must exercise his power as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and direct the military to put a stop to the ongoing aggression against civilian communities.
The term “all-out justice”, an obvious euphemism, dangerously sets the stage for yet another all-out war in Mindanao. We take issue that the government and sensationalist media have preyed on the grief and misery from the death of the 19 soldiers in order to claim the “righteousness” of military aggression against civilian communities and hint at the “justice” of all-out war. This should not be countenanced. As loud as our call was during the previous all-out wars under Erap and GMA, we join all peace-loving Filipinos to reiterate yet again: All-out war is all-out injustice. Never again to another all-out war in Mindanao!

NEIL V. MURAD

Secretary General
Suara Bangsamoro (Voice of the Moro

Aboitiz Power P25-billion Davao City coal-fired power plant hits snag

DUTERTE: We were made to believe that the coal-fired plant will only be using seawater. It appears, though, that 1,500 cubic meters of freshwater will be extracted daily from the underground water reservoir

BY ROGER M. BALANZA

        After being endorsed by the Davao City Council, the proposed Aboitiz Power P25-billion, 300-MW Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion (CFB) coal-fired power plant has hit a snag, with no less than Vice Mayor Rodrigo Duterte opposing its plan to pump water from the city aquifer.

DUTERTE WITH DAVAO CITY COUNCILORS: i need an explanation from Aboitiz Power

        Duterte, the city council’s presiding officer, on Thursday blocked approval of a resolution reclassifying to heavy industrial of the plant site in Binugao in Toril following information the coal plant would draw out about 1,500 cubic meters of fresh water a day from the city’s underground water reservoir.

        The council deferred action on the resolution, after Duterte said he would seek an explanation from Aboitiz Power. The vice mayor said he was earlier led to believe that the power plant would used only seawater.

        Davao City draws out drinking water, dubbed as one of the

THE MAJESTIC MT. APO feeds Davao City's underground water reservoir to give the Dabawenyos one of the "best waters" in the world for their drinking needs. BELOW PHOTO, a DCWD pump well in Dumoy district. DCWD says the city's underground water reservoir has a lifetime of only 50 years without an alternative source of water supply

best waters in the world, from its underground reservoir. The Davao City Water District (DCWD), the water utility firm supplying the city, said the reservoir would be gone in 50 years without alternative sources to ease pressure on the underground water reserve in the city’s southern districts. Dabawenyos have a thirsty future if no alternative is found, said Imelda Magsuci, DCWD commercial manager and spokesman.


        I need an explanation from Aboitiz, he said in the session as he scuttled further discussion of a resolution seeking approval of the land reclassification, one of requirements before Aboitiz can start building the plant in the coastal barangay of Binugao.

WHILE THE P25 billion Aboitiz Power coal-fired power plant survived the environmental issues raised against it, the proposed plant is facing a new warfront: THE DAVAO CITY COUNCIL LED BY VICE MAYOR RODRIGO DUTERTE WOULD OPPOSE ITS PLAN TO DRAW OUT 1,500 cubic meters of fresh water a day from the city's underground water reservoir

        I have my misgivings, said Duterte, who has publicly supported the proposed plant that he said could provide stable power supply to the city.

Duterte, in supporting the plant before and after his city council endorsed the project, had assured that the facility would not pose risk to people and the environment. He said that in wake of erratic power supply and the looming power crisis in Mindanao, Davao City needs the Aboitiz Power plant to lure investors and spur the local economy.

        He said future risks could be handled by Mayor Sara Duterte who has power to shut down the plant if proven to be violating environmental laws.

        “We were made to believe that the coal-fired plant will only be using seawater. It appears, though, that 1,500 cubic meters of freshwater will be extracted daily, he said on the floor in the Thursday council session after coming down from his perch as presiding officer to participate in the deliberation..

“Water out will be lost forever. Money cannot replace what has been lost forever,” Duterte said after councilor Pilar Braga, chair energy chair, bared the plant would be drawing out fresh water from the aquifer, during her presentation of a committee report recommending approval of the reclassification of the plant site consisting of about 20 hectares.

Protection of the water resource should be paramount over need for energy, said Duterte, a consistent advocate of conserving the underground water reservoir for future generations of Dabawenyos.

IMELDA MAGSUCI, DCWD spokesman, at foreground at right, in a forum on watershed protection

DCWD has pressed the alarm button over dwindling water level in the aquifer and plans to tap a river in upland Marilog district for a surface water development project. A hydrodam  it plans to build has yet to be endorsed by the local government.

The project is also is disallowed by the Davao City Watershed Protection, Management and Conservation Ordinance also known as the Watershed Code. The watershed ordinance authored by councilor Arnolfo Ricardo Cabling and approved by the city council in 2007, banned developmental aggression in conservation areas that included the site where DCWD plans to build the dam.

ARNOLFO RICARDO CABLING, Davao City councilor who authored the 2007 landmark Watershed Management, Conservation and Protection Ordianace which aims to protect the city's watershed areas and water resources

Ironically DCWD is locked in legal battle over priority rights over  Tamugan River with Hedcor, a sister company of Aboitiz Power which also plans to build a hydropower plant in the same stretch of the river in Marilog district where the water district plans to construct the dam.

In the Thursday council session in a statement directed at Aboitiz Power, Duterte said:  It would be an entirely different story if you will be using freshwater. If I will not be satisfied (by your explanation), I will certainly object to it.

I need to know how much fresh water the plant will need, he said, adding he would oppose the plant if it would threaten supply for the next generations of Dabawenyos.

GPH-MILF PEACE TALKS – Litmus test for thorny issues

GPH chair says patience, openness needed during exploratory talks with MILF


The government’s chief negotiator said patience and openness will be tested to the litmus to resolve thorny issues during the exploratory talks with Muslim rebels to reach a consensus that would lead to a genuine and lasting peace in Mindanao.

Prof. Marvic Leonen, chair of the government peace panel negotiating with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), made the statement at the opening of the 22nd exploratory talks in Kuala Lumpur on Monday.

“I am sure that our patience will be tested as we go through each other’s proposals. Perhaps, even in this meeting, when we propose to talk about the procedure on how to proceed to craft a settlement, we can find that we will be at some cross purposes,” referring to the MILF proposal to carve out a sub-state in southern Philippines for the Bangsamoro people.

Leonen submitted the government’s counter-proposal called “3 for 1,” referring to the “three important components for one solution to the Bangsamoro problem.”

“These components include: a political settlement or a peace accord with the MILF, massive economic development in Mindanao and cultural-historical acknowledgement,” he said.

In a separate report, the GPH panel provided 11 characteristics that define the proposal such as practicality, partnership arrangements, political comprehensiveness, implementability, good governance, continuous dialogue, empowered autonomy, system of cooperation in ecological and cultural issues, normalization through weapons disarmament and demobilization, public support and historical appreciation.

“But patience and the openness to consider each other’s point of view may be the bedrock of building a true consensus,” Leonen said, adding that “we never promised that our negotiations be easy or simple; we do however guarantee that it is sincere and earnest.”

Leonen reiterated that “we intend these negotiations to be fast tracked, but never at the expense of being truly analytical.”

“The Government proposal took a lot of views into consideration. It seeks to trigger conversations about what is critical to our principals and the constituencies that they represent,” he added.

“We hope that the rationale behind these proposals be addressed in earnest. Together we should examine their viability and if indeed they are reasonable, find our way to accommodate them,” the GPH panel chair said.

Leonen made his opening statement by saying that he brought with him “warm greetings of peace from His Excellency President Benigno Aquino III and his cabinet.”

He also recalled the meeting between the President and the MILF chair Al Haj Murad Ebrahim in Tokyo early this month which he said “underscored the reality that although the approaches of our respective principals may currently be different, peace is still realizable within the next year. That is, if we are willing to work with patience and with a lot of understanding.”

Leonen was the note taker of the President during the latter’s face-to-face meeting with Murad.

“Having been present in that meeting, my impression was that there seemed to be a consensus as to an objective. A meeting of minds also exists in terms of some principles that could be used to guide us in choosing options for meeting the interests also of our constituencies,” he said.

“Both were eager to see the benefits of a just, lasting, and comprehensive peace within the next few years,” he said.

Leonen also stressed that the “common objective is to find some fundamental and workable agreement that can pave the way to meeting the just aspirations of the Bangsamoro people.

This will not only augur well for conflict affected areas in Mindanao, but will reverberate to the entire country, he added.

At the same time, Leonen, during the Tokyo meeting that lasted for two hours, said both the President and Murad “agreed that as a matter of principle, we would have to confirm agreements based on the consent of the governed.”

“Both saw that any political re-arrangement initially still requires an effective national government empowered not only to assist underdeveloped regions but also to ensure the viability of the entire Republic as one whole,” Leonen said.

He said the President and the MILF chairman understood the need to continue to build confidence in each other’s capacity and trust in each other’s sincerity. The meeting was facilitated in Japan.

Japan is a member of the International Contact Group. GPH chief negotiator Marvic Leonen described the proposal as “honestly different” from the MILF’s framework. Leonen adds that it “is more in keeping with what the honorable chair of the MILF Al Haj Murad Ebrahim refers to as a problem solving approach.”

The President went out of his way to meeting Murad in Tokyo “as a show of government’s sincerity to move the peace process forward,” Leonen said.

“The government proposal took a lot of views into consideration,” Leonen said as he emphasized the extensive consultations done by the Panel, citing that “this is still a first document, a work-in-progress.”

After the negotiations, the GPH panel is expected to undertake further consultations with its stakeholders.

Meanwhile, Leonen asked the MILF on the status of renegade MILF commander Ustadz Amiril Umra Kato and his group – the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) who mounted attacks on fellow MILF members due to land conflict.

“We cannot accept that he is still part of the MILF,” Leonen said, as he described the atrocities committed by Kato.

Leonen also condemned Kato’s recruitment of child soldiers.

“If he is truly a splinter group, we would have to assess the situation together in a very serious and sensitive manner,” he said.

Mohagher Iqbal, MILF peace panel chair, in his opening statement said that Kato remains to be a “challenge for the MILF.”

In a resolution filed by the MILF Central Committee, Kato has been declared as a “bougat or one who defies or does not obey an order.

The MILF formally asked the government to give them 10 days after Eid’l Fitr to resolve the Kato issue.

Leonen also asked the MILF to address the rido among its base commands.

“A total of 17 rido related incidents involving at least a commander of the MILF base command has been recorded,” Leonen said.

“In the rido between some members of the 105th base command against some members of the 104th base command, a total of 1,596 families or 7,980 persons from six barangays in Palembang, Sultan Kudarat were displaced,” he said.

A total of 695 families have also been displaced in Datu Piang, Maguindanao due to the fighting between the 106th base command and Kato’s group.

DURIANBURGDAVAO NEWS FORUM  FOR PEACE IN MINDANAONews Update from Philippine News Agency


DUTERTE: ‘War not the answer to Mindanao’s woes’

inFRONTPAGE

PUBLISHED IN THE DURIAN POST NO.74, August 15-21, 2011
MORE WINDOWS FOR PEACE TALKS: Dutere with co-anchor lawyer Geraldine Chiu at the Gikan sa Masa Para sa Masa program. photo by PARE PAREHO LANG

by ROGER M. BALANZA

Davao City Vice Mayor Rodrigo Duterte on Sunday called on the government to open more windows for talking peace with all rebels groups, as fighting erupted anew in Datu Piang and Maguindanao in Centeral Mindanao between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and its break-away group Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) led by Amelil Ombra Kato. The fighting displaced about 3,000 famiies.

 Duterte earlier praised President Aquino for his back-door meeting with MILF leaders in Tokyo in a bid to find lasting peace in Mindanao. He said however that President Aquino should also sit down with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), another Moro rebel group in Mindanao, led by Nur Misuari. The MNLF has inked a peace pact with the government but is accusing the government of failing to implement many provisions of the 1996 pact. To complete the peace efforts, Duterte suggested that President Aquino also sit down in negotiation with all other groups fighting the government.

Duterte’s formula for peace is government talking with a rainbow of ideologs and secessionists including bandits, that form a lethal brew that makes Mindanao continuously on edge. These brew includes Nur Misuari of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), Al Haj Murad of the Moro Islamic National Liberation (MILF), Joma Sison of the communist National Democratic Front (NDF), renegade Moro rebel leaders Ameril Umbra Kato and Kumander Bravo of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) and the terrorist group Abu Sayyaf.

In the Gikan sa Masa Para sa Masa television program on ABS/CBN, Duterte said an all-out war against the Moro rebels would be futile as  a means to achieve peace in Mindanao.

We can talk forever, he said, adding government in an all-out war is not the solution to the problem.

The government should not wage war against its people, he said, adding that, besides that, the government “cannot kill all” the Muslims in Mindanao.